The Early Years Foundation Stage

Early Years Foundation Stage

Our aim in Reception is to ensure that our children have a happy and positive start to life at Spaldwick Primary School. We follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum and plan across all areas of the curriculum, both inside and outside the classroom.

There are three prime areas of learning and four specific areas, all of which are interrelated and equally important. 

Prime Areas of Learning

Communication and Language

We provide a language-rich environment to support children to develop their confidence and skills so they can express themselves and speak and listen in a wide range of situations.

Physical Development

In this area, we provide opportunities for children to be active and interactive, and to develop their co-ordination control, and movement.  Children are also helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

This area of learning helps children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups, and to have confidence in their own abilities. 

Specific Areas


Literacy development focuses on building the skills children need to link sounds and letters so they can begin to read and write. We follow the scheme of work, Read, Write Inc. to teach Phonics. Our reading scheme is structured around the Read Write Inc Bookbag books and supplemented with Oxford Reading Tree and the Jelly and Bean series.


In Mathematics we provide opportunities to develop and improve our children’s skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to explore patterns within numbers.

Understanding the World

We guide children to make sense of their physical world and their community by providing opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive Arts and Design

We provide an environment where children can explore and play with a wide range of media and materials. We also encourage them to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings, through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design.

There are 17 Early Learning Goals and to achieve a Good Level of Development at the end of Reception (Government Expectation), children need to have met the Early Learning goal for the three prime areas; Communication and Language, Physical Development and Personal, Social and Emotional Development; and they also need to have met the Early Learning Goals for Literacy and Numeracy.

Characteristics of Effective Learning

Apart from monitoring what children learn we also keep an eye on how they learn. This gives us important information on the kinds of learners children are and how we can support them to achieve. You can find out more information by clicking the link below.

Characteristics of Effective Learning Guidance


We use Tapestry to track children’s learning at school. Tapestry is an online journal to help record all the learning and fun of children’s early years education.

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